This study maded by Helena Pukk (2002) investigates the risk and protective factors for child physical abuse (CPA) and Parent-to-child physical aggression (PCPA).Miler-Perrin & Perrin (1999) divided child maltreatment into six different categories: emotional neglect, physical neglect, educational neglect, emotional abuse, physical abuse and sexual abuse. The hypothesis was that the risk and protective factors for child physical abuse (CPA) differ by the severity of abuse.

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